Al-NASR Al-Nasr Research Institute en-US Al-NASR 2959-1015 Broken Laws, Broken Lives: When Organized Crime Shreds Human Rights <p>History is marked by its coiling snake, organized crime that continues to entwine itself around human rights choking out dignity and justice. This paper reveals the hard truth of this destructive bond, from its historical origins to its modern incarnations. Powered by poverty, poor governance and digital frontiers the criminal network uses human weaknesses as pawns in their illicit games. The fundamental rights of individuals and communities is eroded by trafficking, extortion, violence, and corruption which are their currency. Women, children and minority groups are often the victims who get trapped in forced labor, exploitation and displacement. Case studies depict a rather gloomy picture of this complex threat. The porous borders of Southeast Asia take up human trafficking, while the drugs in Latin America become a stream of violence and corruption that breaks communities and trample dignity. Not even the digital world is immune, where cybercrime and identity theft take away privacy and liberty. As the roots of this crisis are woven into a complex network of socio-economic disparities, lax legal frameworks and corrupt structures. Their effects are far-reaching, reaching deep into the society Fighting back demands a broad attack. The first steps should be strengthening the legal framework, empowering law enforcement, and addressing underlying injustices. International cooperation and creating a culture of transparency and accountability are important weapons in this war. It requires constant vigilance, relentless quest for justice and strong communities that are resilient in the face of organized crime. Only then can we escape the darkness and enter into true human rights.</p> Aftab Haider Ashraf Ali Bushra Zeb Copyright (c) 2024 Al-NASR 2024-02-05 2024-02-05 1 18 10.53762/alnasr.03.01.e01 CCG Promulgation and Firms' Accounting Performance: A Case of an Emerging Economy <p><strong>Purpose –</strong> This study examines the impact of the code of corporate governance (CCG) before and after promulgation-2002 in Pakistan. The impact of the enhanced (updated) corporate governance code on business performance is also examined in this study, both before and after the 2012 modification.</p> <p><strong>Design/methodology/approach</strong> – It's a longitudinal study based on 20 years of firm observations, from 1999 to 2018, of 202 listed companies in Pakistan. This study applies a two-sample t-test to compare means of control and dependent variables before and after the promulgation and revision of the corporate governance code to evaluate the impact on firms' performance. In furtherance, regression analysis under the fixed effect model has been conducted to evaluate the impact on dependent variables, i.e., The indicators of a company's accounting success return on equity, profit margin, return on assets, return on return on capital employed, and earning per share.</p> <p><strong>Findings </strong>– According to empirical studies, adopting a corporate governance code has a favorable and statistically significant impact on the company's success. The study also reveals the updated corporate governance code's positive and statistically significant effect on business performance.</p> <p>Research limitations/implications – This study enriches the literature on the role of the code of corporate governance firms accounting performance nexus, strengthening firms' practices. The stakeholder's protection has application to sustainable development practices in the emerging environment.</p> <p><strong>Originality/value</strong> – The distinction from prior studies is examining the impact of code based on a longitudinal period of twenty years and evaluating promulgation and revision to provide evidence that either change enhances the firm performance.</p> Mr. Manssor Ahmed Waseem Subhani (Corresponding Author) Salman Riaz Copyright (c) 2024 Al-NASR 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 19 40 10.53762/alnasr.03.01.e02 Rituals and Challenges regarding Women in Ex-Fata Areas of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa <p>A look into the relationship between rituals and barriers faced by women in what used to be known as Federally Administered Tribal Areas FATA of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) from an Islamic view is investigated under this study. The research is based on certain socio-cultural practices that mark what it means to be a woman residing in this part of the globe and also attempts at understanding how these cultural customs transform women’s everyday life. Additionally, the analysis shows various issues women face in these areas ranging from social-economic problems to education disparities and poor health provision. From the perspective of Islamic teachings, these challenges are critically analyzed revealing how religious principles interface with local practices and can impact women’s status and welfare.</p> <p>This study using the analysis of rituals and challenges intends to offer a subtle understanding about how some aspects can be taken related for women in ex-FATA regions of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The study also explores potential approaches to women's empowerment from the perspective of Islamic principles in order to offer helpful advice to researchers, practitioners, and policy makers working to advance gender equity and development in this area.</p> Dr. Naseem Akhter Prof. Dr. Muhammad Hammad Lakhvi Dr. Arshad Munir Copyright (c) 2024 Al-NASR 2024-02-10 2024-02-10 41 50 10.53762/alnasr.03.01.e03 Sufism in Attar's "The Conference of the Birds" Selected Translation by Peter Avery: Representations of Mystical Experience in Islamic Literature <p>In this paper, we seek to evaluate the presentation of Sufism in Attar's <em>“The Conference of the Birds”</em>, a Poem translated into the English by Peter Avery, in the Islamic literature. The investigation in its turn is directed on the modern writings to expose how the authors derive from the Sufi traditions the themes, the symbols, and acts to allegorize the many mystical experiences and spiritual search. The combination of literature, cultural, and also religious studies will bring in new perspectives to the study of Sufism and fiction to also enhance our understanding of the connection between Sufism and the fiction, and its importance concerning the modern Muslim identity and the spirituality.</p> Dr. Sobia Tahir Mehak Maqbool Aneel Waqas Khan Copyright (c) 2024 Al-NASR 2024-02-23 2024-02-23 51 62 10.53762/alnasr.03.01.e04 An Acoustic Analysis of Description and Classification of Balti Segmental (Velar Sounds) Consonants <p>The goal of this study is to categorize solely the consonants (velars) of the Balti language, which is spoken in Pakistan's Baltistan area of Gilgit Baltistan. The Balti language was chosen for the study because it is one of the less well-known languages in Pakistan and because there has never been any substantial research done on the language's sounds or sound system.120 distinct words from various Balti novels were chosen in order to categorize Balti sounds. Using the program PRAAT, the acoustic analysis of Balti consonants has been examined to demonstrate their physical characteristics. In order to capture samples of various Balti consonant sounds, the investigators identified 20 indigenous Balti speakers, aged 16 to 35, enrolled in State College for Boys in Model Town and University of Technology and Management, Lahore, Pakistan. Spectrophotograms representing each sound were used to display the physical characteristics of the native Balti speakers' sound samples. The Balti language has ten fricative sounds, according to acoustic examinations of consonant sounds.</p> Ghulam Abbas Altaf Hussain (Corresponding Author) Muhammad Bashir Copyright (c) 2024 Al-NASR 2024-02-24 2024-02-24 63 78 10.53762/alnasr.03.01.e05 Pakistan and Global Economy <p>The global economy is a complex and interconnected system that encompasses the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services on a worldwide scale. The exchange of goods and services between countries allows for specialization, economies of scale, and access to diverse markets. The abstract delves into the role of trade agreements, tariffs, and non-tariff barriers in shaping global trade patterns.&nbsp; It explores the impact of financial globalization and the challenges posed by financial crises, capital flows volatility, and regulatory frameworks on global financial stability. This short report provides an overview of the complex relationship between the global economy and Pakistan and highlights the diverse interactions that shape the country's economic landscape. As a participant in the global economic system, Pakistan is influenced by a variety of factors ranging from international trade dynamics to geopolitical events. The global economy plays a crucial role in shaping Pakistan's economic destiny, influencing important aspects such as trade, investment and economic policy. Pakistan has actively participated in global trade partnerships in recent years, contributing to its economic growth. However, it also faces challenges such as external debt, exchange rate fluctuations and vulnerability to global economic crises. Geopolitical considerations further underline the interdependence between the global economy and Pakistan. The country's strategic location, particularly in South Asia, makes it vulnerable to regional tensions and conflicts, impacting investor confidence and economic stability. Furthermore, global initiatives such as the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) have created opportunities and challenges for Pakistan's economic development.</p> <p>Additionally, there have been trans-formative changes in the global economic landscape, including technological advances, concerns about climate change and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. These factors have important implications for Pakistan and require adaptive economic policies and sustainable development strategies. This summary is intended to provide a basis for understanding the complex relationships between the global economy and Pakistan. As the world evolves, policymakers, economists and stakeholders must navigate this interconnected landscape to strengthen economic resilience, promote sustainable development and address the challenges and opportunities presented by this dynamic relationship. In hands The economy of Pakistan is a multifaceted system characterized by unique challenges and opportunities. This detailed abstract explores various aspects of the Pakistan economy, including its sectors, policies, challenges, and prospects for sustainable development. The abstract delves into the structure of the Pakistan economy, highlighting its major sectors such as agriculture, industry, and services. It examines the contributions of these sectors to economic growth, employment generation, and revenue generation. The abstract also explores the role of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and the informal sector in the economy, emphasizing their significance in employment creation and poverty reduction.</p> <p>Government policies and reforms play a crucial role in shaping the Pakistan economy. The abstract analyzes key policy areas, including fiscal policies, monetary policies, and trade policies. It examines the challenges and opportunities associated with fiscal consolidation, revenue mobilization, public expenditure management, and debt sustainability. It also explores the role of monetary policies in controlling inflation, ensuring financial stability, and promoting trade.</p> Mr. Pawan Kumar Rathore Dr. Maftoon Ahmed Mahesar Miss. Heena Rathore Copyright (c) 2024 Al-NASR 2024-03-06 2024-03-06 79 98 10.53762/alnasr.03.01.e06 Impact of Arts Education on Psychological wellbeing among Undergraduate Students <p>This study was intended to investigate the influence of arts education on the psychological well-being of undergraduate students, focusing on potential coping and stress-reducing processes in the arts. It aimed to explore the relationship between students' psychological well-being and the development of creativity, critical thinking, and problem-solving abilities through fine arts education. The population of the study was 172 B.S undergraduate students who are representing the Art Education. The research employed a quantitative approach, the purposive sampling was used to utilize self-administered questionnaires and SPSS-26 for data analysis. Initial findings indicate that participation in fine arts activities positively impacts students' stress levels and contributes to their overall sense of accomplishment. The study also reveal that art education plays a significant role in enhancing problem-solving skills, fostering innovative thinking, and introducing mindfulness practices. The results emphasize the positive correlation between art education and psychological well-being, highlighting the holistic benefits of art education beyond academic or technical skills. These insights have implications for educators and policymakers seeking to promote the holistic development of students through arts education.</p> Mrs. Maryam Saif Copyright (c) 2024 Al-NASR 2024-03-11 2024-03-11 99 120 10.53762/alnasr.03.01.e07 Relationship between Personality Traits and Work Life Balance with a Mediating Role of Work Family Conflict <p>This study explores the nexus between personality traits and work-life balance, with a focus on the intermediary role of work-family conflict. The research, quantitative in nature, employs a correlational design, using instruments such as the Ten Item Personality Inventory (TIPI) and Work and Family Conflict Scales (WAFCS) to assess a sample of 200 salespersons in Gujranwala, Pakistan. Key personality traits examined include extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, emotional stability, and openness to experience. Results reveal a significant negative correlation between several personality traits (extraversion, agreeableness, and conscientiousness) and work-family conflict, and a positive correlation between extraversion and emotional stability with work-life balance. Openness to experience, however, does not significantly predict work-life balance outcomes. Work-family conflict is found to have a substantial negative impact on work-life balance and serves as a partial mediator in the relationship between certain personality traits and work-life balance.</p> <p>The study underscores the critical influence of personality traits on the work-life balance equation and the mediating role of work-family conflict. It suggests that a better understanding of these relationships can aid organizations in tailoring interventions and support systems to individual employee needs, enhancing both personal well-being and organizational productivity. study's implications extend to the realm of human resource policies and practices, emphasizing the importance of considering personality dimensions in work-life balance initiatives. However, the research's correlational nature and its focus on a specific professional group in a singular geographic locale highlight the need for further, more diverse studies to broaden the generalizability of these findings.</p> Sania Fatima Ms Habiba Tariq Baneeha Zainab Mishal Zoha Copyright (c) 2024 Al-NASR 2024-03-14 2024-03-14 121 138 10.53762/alnasr.03.01.e08 A Case Study of Proverbial Treatment Towards Women in Balti Patriarchal Society <p>The present study seeks to expose how <em>Balti</em> society has discursively constructed gender roles by translating proverbs. It examines how gender ideology affects translation processes and techniques the translator employs when translating proverbs. The research analyzes 14 proverbs responsible for gender dichotomy, selected from the book “Tam Lo” by Hasni (2004). Feminist Critical Discourse Analysis has been taken as a research perspective used in this study. For research methodology, Farahzad's Model (2009) of Translation Criticism has been utilized by the researchers in the current study. The findings reveal that in <em>Balti</em> androcentric society, women are viewed as unable, reliant, dependent, submissive, fractious, unfaithful, rude, sentimental, deceitful, deceptive, crafty, dim-witted, and unreliable in the eyes of the public. The study also discloses that a translator's ideology greatly impacts the translation process. This research will contribute to the already existing knowledge on gender studies of <em>Balti </em>society in particular and translation studies in general. Furthermore, this research will help raise awareness among <em>Balti</em> society, particularly among men, to refrain from exploiting women. Additionally, it is anticipated that study readers will create a stance of abstaining from gender discrimination.</p> Anisa Fatima Saqlain Hassan Samsam Zulqarnain Copyright (c) 2024 Al-NASR 2024-03-17 2024-03-17 139 158 10.53762/alnasr.03.01.e09 The Relationship between Social Support and Self -esteem with the Mediating role of Stigmatization among Obese Individuals <p>This study Aims to explore the Relationship between social support, self-esteem, and stigmatization within the context of obesity among Pakistani individuals, particularly adolescents. study aims to unravel the intriguing relationship between social support and self-esteem amidst the presence of obesity-related stigma. Employing a cross-sectional design, the study gathered data from a diverse sample of 202 adults residing in both urban and rural areas of Gujranwala. To measure the targeted variables, the researchers employed the esteemed Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, and the Weight Self-Stigma Questionnaire. The study's findings are nothing short of remarkable and shed light on previously unexplored dimensions. Surprisingly, a negative correlation emerged between self-esteem and social support, challenging long-held assumptions, and prompting a fresh perspective on these intricate dynamics. Additionally, weight stigma was found to act as a potent mediator between social support and self-esteem, revealing a crucial link in this complex chain. The study's findings are nothing short of remarkable and shed light on previously unexplored dimensions. Surprisingly, a negative correlation emerged between self-esteem and social support, challenging long-held assumptions, and prompting a fresh perspective on these intricate dynamics. Additionally, weight stigma was found to act as a potent mediator between social support and self-esteem, revealing a crucial link in this complex chain., These compelling findings underscore the pivotal role of combating weight stigma in interventions aimed at bolstering self-esteem and social support among the obese population. The implications of this research extend to the realms of clinical and social psychology, emphasizing the urgent need for targeted strategies to alleviate the adverse impacts of stigma within obese communities. This groundbreaking study illuminates the path forward, offering a wealth of knowledge to researchers, clinicians, and policymakers alike. It beckons us to embark on a transformative journey towards creating a society that nurtures self-esteem, fosters social support, and dismantles the shackles of weight stigma in the pursuit of holistic well-being among individuals grappling with obesity.</p> Hafza Pervaiz Ms. Habiba Tariq Dr. Um e Lela Maryam Saeed Copyright (c) 2024 Al-NASR 2024-03-28 2024-03-28 159 176 10.53762/alnasr.03.01.e10 ‘Learning to Be Human’: The Paradigm of Oakeshott’s Epistemology and Islamic Theory of Knowledge <p>Michael Oakeshott’s epistemology revolves around the concept of Modes of the understanding of the meanings of the world. These meanings had been mediated by our forefathers and had been descended to us through generation to generations. The whole of these meanings is the common capital for all human beings irrespective of terrestrial affiliation or adherence to any theology or association to any race. Without learning the meanings, we are just a bipod specie or <em>Homo Erectus</em> and <em>Homo Sapiens</em> but not ‘Beings Human’. Thus he founded his epistemology on concept of ‘learning to be human’ and he made a difference between a ‘human being’ and ‘being human’. &nbsp;Islamic teachings also support Oakeshott’s ideas regarding, Epistemology, Theory of Knowledge and educational Philosophy.</p> Muhammad Iqbal Shah Dr. Ali RazaTahir Copyright (c) 2024 Al-NASR 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 177 190 10.53762/alnasr.03.01.e11 Ruminative Brooding Mediate the Association between Self-Objectification and Psychological Distress among Early Adults <p>The purpose of the study is to investigate the relationship between self-objectification, and psychological distress with rumination as a mediator. The research was designed to get an understanding of the role of rumination on body-objectification and psychological distress in earl adults. For this purpose, Objectified Body Conscious Scale (OBCS) was used to measure self-objectification, Ruminative Response Scale (RRS) was used to measure rumination in males and females and Kesler Psychological Distress Scale was used for the purpose of measuring psychological distress in males and females. The research was conducted on the sample size of 249 young adult’s male and female and SPSS 23 was used for the analysis. The psychometric properties of each of the scale were assessed. The alpha coefficient for each of the scales were computed.&nbsp; The α-coefficient for all variables were more than 0.7 that is good value. Self-objectification was significantly negative with rumination and also significantly negative with psychological distress. While rumination was significantly positive related with psychological distress. Also, there were a significant gender difference in rumination. Mediation analysis revealed that rumination was fully mediated the relationship between self-objectification and rumination.</p> Eman Akhtar Hira Fatima Mishal Zoha Noor Fatima Aziz Copyright (c) 2024 Al-NASR 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 191 212 10.53762/alnasr.03.01.e12 Linguists' Perspectives on the Role of Linguistic Knowledge in Treating Speech and Language Disorders <p>The main purpose of the current research is to find out linguists' opinions regarding the use of linguistic expertise in the treatment of speech and language disorders. The viewpoint of linguists was obtained through a semi-structured interview. 32 linguists were interviewed who were PhDs and PhD candidates from several universities located in the Punjab. Thematic extraction and interview coding were done manually and some NVivo software tools were used to analyze the qualitative data. The results revealed that 25% of linguists believe that the contribution of linguistic knowledge in the treatment of speech and language disorders is very important, whereas 75% believe it to be insignificant. The findings indicate that Pakistani linguists are contributing less to the management of language and speech impairments. Only 3.12% of linguists have stated that they are interested in speech-language difficulties. The study recommends that linguists should learn more about linguistic disabilities and conduct further studies on speech and language disorders.&nbsp;</p> Dr. Muhammad Asif Dr. Shahid Ullah Shumaila Aman Copyright (c) 2024 Al-NASR 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 213 224 10.53762/alnasr.03.01.e13 مسلم فیملی لا آرڈیننسء :1961معاشرتی تناظرمیں ایک مطالعہ <p>Islam is the complete code of life. It guides humankind in all areas of life especially the everyday life of a man. It has clearly mentioned the rights and duties of a man towards his parents, his wives, his children and other persons of the society. It guides and encourages a man to establish brotherhood and to coordinate with all especially with his family members. It has described the most and only effective way of family formation i.e. Nikah. At the time of Nikah and after Nikah, the rights and duties of both man and woman are described. It does not allow discrimination towards their children and parents. It makes a man bound to earn for himself as well as for his children, wives and parents. It does not allow a man to be cruel towards his wife and children. Even in case of Talaaq, it requires a man to be justified. In short, Islam guides a man in all areas of life.</p> Dr. Hafiz Muhammad Abrar Awan Naveed Ur Rehman Ms. Nudrat Bano Copyright (c) 2024 Al-NASR 2024-02-17 2024-02-17 1 16 10.53762/alnasr.03.01.u01 مسلم عائلی زندگی :تہوار اور سماجی اثرات کا تجزیاتی جائزہ <p>The main focus of human instinct is one's own family, from which one finds physical, mental, moral, intellectual and spiritual peace. According to art experts, the first unit of family life is husband and wife and then their children also become a part of this system. The joint family system is also a form of family life in Pakistan. Man by nature prefers to live together instead of being isolated, so naturally he cannot be confined to his family, but by marriage and kinship he connects with many other families, when many families of different regions and languages. Inevitably, along with Islamic festivals, cultural and national festivals such as Eid, Shab-e-Barat, Mangani, Mahindi, Rakshati, Aqeeqah and many other festivals of happiness and sorrow become part of the society which has positive and negative effects. Individually and collectively affect the personality of every human being, especially the competition in appearance and display to maintain family dignity not only increases the financial burden on family heads / parents but also causes diseases like jealousy and resentment due to these festivals which in the light of the Qur'an and Sunnah, the remedy is inevitable.</p> Qaria Nasreen Akhtar Copyright (c) 2024 Al-NASR 2024-02-19 2024-02-19 17 30 10.53762/alnasr.03.01.u02 احیاالعلوم کی کتاب التفکر : ایک مطالعہ <p>Abū Hāmid al-Ghazālī was a Muslim scholar, law specialist, rationalist, and spiritualist of <a href="">Persian</a> descent. He was a prominent <a href="">mujtahid</a> in the <a href="">Shafi'i</a> school of <a href="">law</a>. He believed that the Islamic spiritual tradition had become moribund and that the spiritual sciences taught by the first generation of Muslims had been forgotten. This belief led him to write book entitled <em>I</em><em>ḥ</em><em>y</em><em>ā</em><em>’‘</em><em>ul</em><em>ū</em><em>m ad-d</em><em>ī</em><em>n</em> (<a href="">The Revival of the Religious Sciences</a> ). This work covers almost all fields of Islamic sciences including <a href="">Fiqh</a>, <a href="">Sufism</a> etc. It contains four major sections like Acts of worship (<em>al-Ib</em><em>ā</em><em>d</em><em>ā</em><em>t</em>), Norms of Daily Life (<em>al-</em><em>Ā</em><em>d</em><em>ā</em><em>t</em>), The ways to Perdition (al-Muhlikāt) and the ways to salvation (<em>al-</em><em>Munjiy</em><em>ā</em><em>t</em>). The Iḥhyā became the most frequently recited Islamic text after the Quran and the hadith. Its great achievement was to bring orthodox Sunni theology and Sufi mysticism together in a useful, comprehensive guide to every aspect of Muslim life and death. The book was well received by Islamic scholars. Section 1 deals with knowledge and the requirements of Faith, Prayer, Charity, Fasting, Pilgrimage, Recitation of Quran and so forth. Part 2 concentrates on people and Society, the manners related to eating, marriage, earning, living and friendship. Part 3 and 4 are dedicated to the inner life of the soul and discuss first the voice is that people must overcome in themselves and then the virtues that they must drive to achieve. This article analyzes of <em>Kit</em><em>ā</em><em>b al-Taffakkur</em> (part 4 of <em>Ihya al-Uloom</em>). It presents that creations and wonders of Allah in a delightful and unique way and inspires us to think about them. It argues that the whole universe is like a house. When we go to a rich man's house and see the doors and walls, colors of his house, we put our finger in our mouth, and appreciate it, similarly we keep our eyes on Allah's earth and sky, animals and minerals and their fine impressions, but we neither talk about them nor pay attention to them. This is because we forget our Lord and are attracted to our self. We only fill our bellies; we do not see anything other than our lust and honor. If we read all these things and are oblivious to seeing the creations of Allah and their wonders, then we do not have any importance for the Kingdom of Allah and His beauty. It is only by considering Allah's actions and attributes that one gets the knowledge of Allah's glory and gets guidance.</p> Tahira Munawar Muhammad Naimatullah Prof. Dr. Muhammad Shahbaz Manj Copyright (c) 2024 Al-NASR 2024-03-09 2024-03-09 31 40 10.53762/alnasr.03.01.u03 تبلیغی جماعت کی مستورات کی تبلیغی مساعی : ازواج مطہرات کے طرزِعمل کی روشنی میں ایک جائزہ <p>Propagation of Islam is the duty of all Muslims both male and female. So Preaching is also the range of services of women. The Wives of the Prophet (saw) also play an important role in the field of preaching. After Prophet Muhammed (saw) His Ummah handle the duty of preaching of Islam. So many Tablighi movements arise, in these movements Tablighi Jammat is also a Tablighi movement which is founded by Maulana Muhammad Ilyas. In this Jammat men and women performing the religious services. This article will be reviewed the missionary efforts of Azwaj Mutahrat and Tablighi Jamaat's women.</p> Ms. Farida Kakar Dr. Naseem Akhter (Corresponding Author) Ms. Asiya Durrani Copyright (c) 2024 Al-NASR 2024-03-11 2024-03-11 41 52 10.53762/alnasr.03.01.u04 علامہ اقبال کا تصوراتحاد امت: ایک مطالعہ <p>In the realm of Islamic government, Ummah is the indivisible unity of nations, which is established by the Shiraz Bandi religion. Ummah is a special Islamic concept which is a manifestation of the ideological and social aspects of Islam. The philosophy of the emergence of the Muslim Ummah in the world depends on a natural process. The Ummah organizes all human beings in the form of a great community by eliminating the distinctions of nations, races and classes. Even in the world, it is like a single body. Islam remembers them with different names. Ummat Wahidah, Ummat Muslimah, Ummat Astya, Khairmat and Millat Ibrahimi etc. In these names, the name of Ummat Muslimah indicates the overall sufficiency of the Islamic society. Poet of the East, Hakim of the Nation, Dr. Allama Iqbal, when his personality, thought and artistic maturity reached its peak, his vision or poem became the center of the nation. Iqbal stopped thinking as an individual. He used to look at things from the eyes of the Ummah and think about every problem collectively. He weighed the benefits and losses in the scales of the Ummah and measured the good and evil with the scales of the Ummah. There came a time in Allama Iqbal's life that his mind was the spokesperson of the Ummah, his pen was the Ummah. Allama Iqbal wanted the unity of the Ummah, he wanted to see the Muslims as one nation, one Ummah and nation. It was his wish that people should adopt the Ummah code of conduct and spread it over the world. He wished that the Ummah should be red-faced in everything. So that success and rule would become their destiny.</p> Ishrat Fatima Dr. Hafiz Muhammad Abrar Awan Dr. Sabeeha Abdul Qadoos Copyright (c) 2024 Al-NASR 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 41 48 10.53762/alnasr.03.01.u05 سید ریجھ علی شاھ کی شاعری میں قرآنی آیات کے استعمال کا تجزیہ <p>Syed Reejh Ali Shah stands out as one of Sindh's distinguished poets, embodying all the quintessential elements of poetic artistry within his works. His verses are not only profound but also meticulously crafted, often interwoven with Quranic excerpts. Shah's poetry conveys messages of peace, interlacing Prophetic teachings and Islamic narratives akin to precious pearls. Encountering Syed Reejh Ali Shah's compositions evokes a sensation akin to delving into the interpretations of the Holy Quran or its translations, fostering a profound sense of tranquility. Particularly, the younger generation is encouraged to explore his poetry to illuminate their paths. This article delves into an analysis of the Quranic verses elegantly embedded within Syed's poetic tapestry. Each verse is seamlessly integrated with its Arabic rendition, accompanied by translations in Urdu or Arabic, showcasing Shah's adeptness in Arabic, Urdu, and Sindhi languages.</p> <p>Syed Reejh Ali Shah's persona and poetic legacy draw parallels with Shah Abdul Latif's essence and literary oeuvre/work, as both luminaries ardently strive to impart a unified message. Their writings intricately weave themes of monotheism, prophet hood, the poignant narrative of Karbala, and Quranic allusions. While Shah's poetry boasts multifaceted dimensions warranting discourse, this article meticulously scrutinizes the Quranic verses meticulously enshrined within his verses, focusing solely on those instances where Quranic references are intertwined."</p> Aftab Khatoon Sayed Munawar Ali Shah Masooma Danish Copyright (c) 2024 Al-NASR 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 49 56 10.53762/alnasr.03.01.u06 اقوالِ فقہاء میں ترجیح کے اصول:فقہ حنفی کے تناظر میں ایک مطالعہ <p>While giving a fatwa in jurisprudence, Mufti Muqlid will give a fatwa on the religion of the Ashab e Tarjeeh. Ashab e Tarjeeh are silent on an issue, He will give preference to one opinion over another opinion in the fatwa through priority of adherence. There are different forms of preference of adherence. Some of them are: When there are two sayings or two hadiths narrated from Imam Abu Hanifa in any issue, then the one which is later will be taken or the one whose adoption is proved by Imam Abu Hanifa himself, and if there is a saying from Imam Abu Hanifa. If the preference is not proven, then the one that was adopted by Imam Abu Yusuf will be followed. Then the saying or tradition that was adopted by Imam Muhammad will be followed. Zofar and Imam Hassan bin Ziyad have given authority. If there is a difference between the preference of Imam Abu Hanifah and the Sahbain, then we will see if the mufti is qualified for ijtihad, then he will be given authority, and if he is not among the people of ijtihad, then Imam He will accept the opinion of Abu hnifah. From the words of Allama Ibn Najeem, it is known that when one of the Sahibs agrees with Imam Abu Hanifa, then the opinion of Imam Abu Hanifa will be valid. If there are different views, then Mufti Mujtahid has the authority and Mufti who is not Mujtahid must follow the opinion of Imam Abu Hanifa. Yes, if the basis of disagreement is Sabba-e-Sita, then the words of the Sahibin will be followed. Admitting Sabba-e-Sita is mandatory for a mufti.</p> Muhammad Sher Zaman Hafiz Muhammad Awan Copyright (c) 2024 Al-NASR 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 57 70 10.53762/alnasr.07.01.u07 شاعر و نقاد عطاشاد:ایک تعارفی خاکہ <p>Poetic art in Urdu seems to be stunned in Balochistan as the multilingual environment of the province is completely overflowing with the poetic creation of the native languages. Amid such circumstances, Atta Shad proved to be the shining star in Urdu poetry as he introduced new trends in it. His mastery in the field of lexical choice is pretty enough to prove himself as a real morphologist. He lines are the reflection of nature, its beauty and Ata Shad’s close association with natural object which can best be observed in Balochistan. A point worth mentioning about Ata Shad’s poetic qualities is that his workṢ is a window through which one can peep into Balochistan. The present study presents a true picture of Atta Shad’s personality and his poetic works while at a time exploring the effects of poetic power on his personality. The study is likely to pave way for future researchers to explore Ata Shad as a person and a poet in the same shell.</p> Dr. Zahid Hussain Dashti Dr. Shazia Jafar Durdana Copyright (c) 2024 Al-NASR 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 71 80 10.53762/alnasr.03.01.u08 نصر حامدابو زید کے قرآن اور وحی سے متعلق افکار کا تنقیدی جائزہ <p>Nasr Hamid Abu Zayd was an Egyptian author. He is known for his mission of Quran’s hermeneutic, which challenged mainstream views. His views about Quran and revelation are new. He believes that Quran is the outcome of prophet’s (PBUH) discourse with the contemporary people. He says Quran is the collection of narrations interpreted by its narrator. &nbsp;Abu Zayd further states that Quran consists of contradictory orders and sharia laws and to solve them we need to describe Quran as the collection of dialogues. On the basis of such views, Quran no more consists everlasting teaching for all human beings. His serious objections on Quran need to express one by one. In this research paper, we will criticize Abu Zayd’s views after dealing with his theories along with arguments.</p> Zakir Hussain Dr. Shabbir Hussain Copyright (c) 2024 Al-NASR 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 81 90 10.53762/alnasr.03.01.u09 الاتجاه الاجتماعي في التفسير "الهام الرحمن" للشيخ عبيد الله السندي: سورة الرعد أنموذجا <p>“Ilham al-Rahman” is an exegesis of Holy Quran that was dictated by Sheikh Ubaidullah al-Sindhi to his disciple Maulana Musa Jarullah, who was a Russian scholar. This exegesis is in Arabic language and it attempts at reading the scripture in social context. In exegesis the Holy Quran has been read in the light of social rules, that is why this exegesis covers all the major aspects of social life including politics, sociology and economics. Because of this relevance, many different revolutions have been mentioned at different places in this Tafseer. It has one basic quality that makes this work trustworthy knowledge, that being it's citing qur’anic verses and applying them in accordance to the historic period that this exegesis was attempted in. Furthermore, instead of reloading qur’anic words especially with mishaps and events, the citations have been kept general.</p> <p>The reason or logic of this is that the Holy Quran is an eternal source of guidance for every human being till the day of judgement. And the aim of revealing the Holy Quran is to rectify the wrong and misleading traditions trends that are found in every age.</p> <p>Moreover, this Tafseer has been written in the light of the rules of the first Islamic thinker of the subcontinent Imam Shah Waliullah. In it the five trustworthy knowledge sources or episteme are used and the usage of commonly understood words is regarded as a basic rule of knowing.</p> Gul Wahid Dr. Taj Afsar Copyright (c) 2024 Al-NASR 2024-02-16 2024-02-16 1 18 10.53762/alnasr.03.01.a01